Saturday, September 12, 2009

Configuring SendMail To Act As A SmartHost & To Rewrite From-Address

This tutorial explains how to configure a sendmail server to forward all mails generated from localhost to another SMTP server for sending mails to remote recipients. Also it explains how to rewrite the from address of user@localhost.localdomain to
Example Scenario: You have a production server which is not configured to relay mails externally, but there is a application running in that server which mails its log to the given email address regarding its status and incase of any service failures. since the sendmail runs locally on localhost.localdomain name it tries to forward the mail with root@localhost.localdomain to the remote smtp server, which would get rejected because of the reason that localhost.localdomain resolves to Invalid IP. So in order to overcome that we have to rewrite the from address of root@localhost.localdomain to so that the other smtp server relays the mail from to the or whatever address you want to send the service status mail to.
NOTE: Specific parts of this tutorial applies only to Redhat Based Systems, but in general the procedure applies to all

Install the Rpms

root@domain# yum install sendmail sendmail-cf

It should install them in your linux system.
Once installed you have to make sure the server is started and starts automatically on reboot.

root@domain# chkconfig sendmail on 
root@domain# service sendmail start

Now the server is up and running.

First add the remote server ip address and its domain name to the /etc/hosts
#vi /etc/hosts
You dont have to do the above step if your local dns can resolve the
domain name to the ip address of the smtp server which is configured to
relay mail. 

Edit the Sendmail configuration file for forwarding mails

#vi /etc/mail/
Forwarding mails to smarthost
Then save the file.

For rewriting the from address of the mails create genericstable file.

#vi /etc/mail/genericstable
In the Generics table file enter the following lines:
The above lines mean that if any mails sent by root will be masqueraded and appear to come from as instead of root@localhost.localdomain and if any mail sent by the user mohan will appear to come from instead of mohan@localhost.localdomain
Then save the file.

Enabling Features in the sendmail configuration file.

#vi /etc/mail/
Add these lines for enabling features:

Then run:
#make -C /etc/mail
It should compile all the files under the /etc/mail directory and updates the changes.
After that restart the sendmail service.

root@domain# service sendmail restart
That's it, you have configured sendmail to act as a smarthost.

Configuring Your SMTP Server To accept mails from Smarthosts:

NOTE: This procedure is applicable only if the remote live smtp server is a sendmail server, which is true in this scenario. For other SMTP servers refer to their documentation.
Presumptions: The live SMTP server is already using FEATURE ('access_db'..
Edit the access file in the live smtp server to accept mails from the smart host.

vi /etc/mail/access
connect:     RELAY
cd /etc/mail

Rebuild the Access database file.

#/usr/sbin/makemap hash access < access
Restart the sendmail service.

root@smtp# service sendmail restart
That's it; the remote smtp server will accept mails from the smarthost.

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